The Umhlanga is not purely for a time of dance. For example, men may want to learn so that they can set right any wrongs or insults made towards them. The Zulu language, called isiZulu, is a Bantu language of the Nguni subgroup. [6], The creation of beadwork dates back to the times of war for the Zulu people. Nonetheless, a special type of clothing is reserved to pregnant women. [6] This traditional ceremony is performed by young women from all parts of the kingdom to perform in front of the monarch and his guests. The art and skill of beadwork takes part in the identification of Zulu people and acts as a form of communication. In pre-capitalist Zulu society, ilobolo was inextricably linked to the ownership of cattle. isiZulu (Zulu) is one of the 11 official languages of South Africa. It is brewed in a special hut that is not completely thatched so smoke can escape and the beer gets enough oxygen to ferment. One cannot assume that the color system is standard across South Africa. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. By 1993, approximately 5.2 million Zulu people lived in KwaZulu, and approximately 2 million lived in the rest of South Africa. These long skirts are also seen on unmarried women and young marriageable-age girls. Despite an early victory for the Zulus at the Battle of Isandlwana on the 22nd of January, the British fought back and won the Battle at Rorke's Drift, and decisively defeated the Zulu army by July at the Battle of Ulundi. Zulu Language About: Zulu (also known as isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. A message could be embedded into the colors and structure of the beads or could be strictly for decorative purposes. In 1994, KwaZulu was joined with the province of Natal, to form modern KwaZulu-Natal. Shaka, as the Zulu commander of the Mthethwa Empire and successor to Dingiswayo, united what was once a confederation of tribes into an imposing empire under Zulu hegemony. In the Nguni languages, iZulu means heaven, or weather. Additionally, with the instauration of the Natal Code, some Zulu men decided to settle another way in which they could decrease the ilobo: offer a token payment or bring a present for the father of the prospective bride in order to decrease the ilobolo amount to be paid. There are many Zulu radio stations and newspapers available, mostly in the Kwazulu-Natal province and Joha… However, a small number of Zulu also live in Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique. At that time, the area was occupied by many large Nguni communities and clans (also called the isizwe people or nation, or were called isibongo, referring to their clan or family name). In 1994, it became one of South Africa's 11 official languages. By tradition, a new regiment of young warriors is asked to confront a bull to prove its courage, inheriting the beast’s strength as it expires. [7] Before the use of glass was apparent to the Zulu, beadwork derived from wood, seeds and berries. For example, beadwork is featured during the coming of age for a young girl or worn during dances. Most Zulu people state their beliefs to be Christian. This organization was nominally a protest movement against apartheid, but held more conservative views than the ANC. However, Zulu became a predominant language in the country after Apartheid. The total population of Zulu speakers throughout the world is estimated at nearly 328 million people. The groom will be taking the cattle from his father's herd in order to perpetuate the family heritage. In 1970, the Bantu Homeland Citizenship Act provided that all Zulus would become citizens of KwaZulu, losing their South African citizenship. [10] Men are more conservative when wearing beadwork. KwaZulu consisted of many disconnected pieces of land, in what is now KwaZulu-Natal. [7] The goal of stick fighting is to injure the opponent and sometimes even kill. During Apartheid, the Zulu people were third-class citizens and suffered from official discrimination. Zulu language, a Bantu language spoken by more than nine million people mainly in South Africa, especially in the Zululand area of KwaZulu/Natal province. However, a distinction is made between white muthi (umuthi omhlope), which has positive effects, such as healing or the prevention or reversal of misfortune, and black muthi (umuthi omnyama), which can bring illness or death to others, or ill-gotten wealth to the user. "The trickster in Zulu folktales. Beer is central to the social culture of the Zulu people. The regiment which was under Mzilikazi disobeyed Shaka and crafted a plan to continue raiding up-North forming another dialect of Zulu language referred to as Northern Ndebele (Now in Zimbabwe). [9], Beadwork is worn by all men, women, and children at any age. [13], The Zulu people govern under a patriarchal society. We do offer Zulu language testing, website, localization, Interpretation. search Zulu is the language of the Zulu people, the majority of them living in South Africa. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), and it is understood by over 50% of its population. They also compare themselves to qualities of powerful wild animals such as, bulls, lions and elephants. Zulu or isiZulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people. This decision that had been taken by Zulu men who were educated in mission schools but according to the other people, this ritual became “untraditional”. Zulu people have a system called ilobolo. All education, however, at the high schoollevel was in English or Afrikaans. See more. Hundreds of thousands of Zulu people living on privately owned "black spots" outside of KwaZulu were dispossessed and forcibly moved to bantustans – worse land previously reserved for whites contiguous to existing areas of KwaZulu. Isaiah Shembe, considered the Zulu Messiah, presented a form of Christianity (the Nazareth Baptist Church) which incorporated traditional customs. [7], The art of stick fighting is a celebration of manhood for Zulu men. For example, Umemulo is a ceremony for women who turn 21 years of age. The Zulu and Xhosa languages are similar enough to be considered dialects of one language, but speakers of Zulu and Xhosa consider them to be separate languages. As such, diviners and herbalists play an important part in the daily lives of the Zulu people. The Zulu Kingdom was very important in South African history during the 1800s and 1900s. The more gifts he is wearing, the higher prestige he obtains.[8]. After Cetshwayo's capture a month following his defeat, the British divided the Zulu Empire into 13 "kinglets". His passion for the language inspired him to offer isiZulu classes for adults as a second language. ", This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 23:20. Nevertheless, many Zulus retain their traditional pre-Christian belief system of ancestor worship in parallel with their Christianity. [23] They found it too lenient to let the groom give whichever amount he wants so they decided to instore specific amount of cattle that will be needed this time before or at the start of the marriage. Christianity had difficulty gaining a foothold among the Zulu people, and when it did it was in a syncretic fashion. What are synonyms for Zulu? The Chief Minister of KwaZulu, from its creation in 1970 (as Zululand) was Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi. Typically when one is wearing multiple beads, it is a sign of wealth. In 1975, Buthelezi revived the Inkatha YaKwaZulu, predecessor of the Inkatha Freedom Party. It is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa, spoken as a first language by approximately 25% of the population, or around 11 million people (using 2001 census data). [7] Other reasons some men choose to learn are for sporting purposes, proving skills or manliness, and self-defense. Under the British terms delivered to the Zulu, Cetshwayo would have been required to disband his army and accept British sovereignty. The killing of the bull is part of Ukweshwama, an annual ceremony that celebrates a new harvest. Before 1994, the official languages of South Africa were English, Dutch, and Afrikaans. [7] There are rules of etiquette that must be abided by when stick fighting. The Zulu were originally a major clan in what is today Northern KwaZulu-Natal, founded ca. Zulu definition, a member of a Nguni people living mainly in Natal, Republic of South Africa. [21], Furthermore, Zulu people also practice a ceremony called Ukweshwama. They originated from Nguni communities who took part in the Bantu migrations. At that time, the area was occupied by many large Nguni communities and clans (also called the isizwe people or nation, or were called isibongo, referring to their clan or family name). These men can begin to learn this fighting art form as young as the age of five years old. Zulu architecture is quite complex, and the dress or fashion of the Zulu has been carefully studied. The skirts are called isigcebhezana and are essential in Zulu ceremonies. Copying a word from the translated list for a reverse translation can be used to find synonyms and to understand the broader use of the Sesotho word in the Zulu language. Most words in a Bantu sentence are marked by a prefix indicating the category to which the noun used as the subject of the sentence belongs, and, if there is an object, the words in that noun phrase and the verb are also marked by a prefix determined by the noun class of the object. Utshwala (Beer) / Umqombothi (Traditional Zulu Beer). It is believed this power then transfers to the Zulu king.[22]. Swahili, which is spoken by five million people as a mother tongue and some 30 million as a second language, is a Bantu lingua franca important in both commerce and literature.…. [7] Often worn as a necklace, the beads were displayed in a criss-cross formation across the shoulders. 10 million people speak the language and most of them live in South Africa.Zulu is the home language of about 22.7% of South Africans; while as many as half of the local population understands it. The Zulu people are the largest ethnic group and nation in South Africa with an estimated 10–12 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. During Apartheid, Zulu was spoken commonly in the Kwazulu bantustan. Its sound system contains three types of click sounds probably borrowed from speakers of Khoisan languages. More than 9 million people speak Zulu, most of whom live in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa. [7] The Zulu men are also in charge of herding the cattle, educating themselves on the lives of disciplined warriors, creating weapons, and learning the art of stick fighting. It is during this period when Shaka deployed an army regiment for raiding tribes on the North. Depending on which stage of life an individual is in, the beadwork indicates different meanings. It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 12 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa. In order to appeal to the spirit world, a diviner (sangoma) must invoke the ancestors through divination processes to determine the problem. Beyond just teaching the language, Henning also helps his students understand the customs and culture of the isiZulu people. The sub-kingdoms fought amongst each other until 1883 when Cetshwayo was reinstated as king over Zululand. Cetshwayo refused, and war between the Zulus and African contingents of the British crown began on January 12, 1879. It became one of South Africa's 11 official languages in 1994. Additionally, each stage of a Zulu's life is determined by a specific type of clothing. The language of the Zulu people is "isiZulu", a Bantu language; more specifically, part of the Nguni subgroup. It has more than 500,000 word meaning and is still growing. What are synonyms for Zulu people? Cetshwayo died in February 1884, killed by Zibhebhu's regime, leaving his son, the 15-year-old Dinuzulu, to inherit the throne. It could be paid before the marriage or during the marriage. Consequently, this is the reason why some are willing to maintain it as long as possible. Inkatha was initially on good terms with the ANC, but the two organizations came into increasing conflict beginning in 1976 in the aftermath of the Soweto Uprising. 1709 by Zulu kaMalandela.In the Nguni languages, iZulu means heaven, or weather. As the nation began to develop, the rulership of Shaka brought the clans together to build a cohesive identity for the Zulu. Zulu has borrowed many words from other languages, especially Afrikaans and English. The word Zulu means "Sky" and according to oral history, Zulu was the name of the ancestor who founded the Zulu royal line in about 1670. Speaking with Beads. The introduction of Zulu language television that broadcasts news and other Zulu shows and newspapers have contributed significantly to the growth of Zulu. [24] The payment of ilobolo can be sometimes difficult for some families but it is a symbol of pride and respect. ", "Spilling the Blood of Bulls to Preserve Zulu Tradition", History section of the official page for the Zululand region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zulu_people&oldid=1000173154, Short description is different from Wikidata, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles needing additional references from January 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Canonici, Noverino. The women are always bound by a male figure to abide by.[7]. Zulu is a Bantu language, meaning that it is related to other Bantu languages like Swahili and Chichewa, the language of Malawi. A Zulu manual, or vade-mecum, being a companion volume to "The Zulu-Kafir language," and the "English-Zulu dictionary," 1900 1900 by Roberts, Charles, 1836-1901, Wesleyan minister This particular form of beadwork were known as iziqu, medallions of war. Traditional dress for men consists of animal skins and feathers; the kind of skins indicates the status of the person wearing them. [7], The women in Zulu society often perform domestic chores such as cleaning, raising children, collect water and firewood, laundry, tend to crops, cooking, and making clothes. Other Southeastern Bantu languages are Xhosa, Swati (Swazi), Sotho, Tswana, Venda, and Ndebele. The tufts of a cow’s tail (amashoba) are worn on the upper arms and below the knee to make the person appear broader than he is. Antonyms for Zulu. [9] Depending on the area in which the beadwork was made, some designs can depict different messages compared to other areas. pp. When a woman is pregnant she wears an ‘isibamba', a thick belt made from dried grass, covered with glass or plastic beadwork, to support her swelling stomach and its additional weight. Over 50% of the population also speak and understand the language. Under apartheid, the homeland of KwaZulu (Kwa meaning place of) was created for Zulu people. For example, Inkatha was opposed to the armed struggle, and to sanctions against South Africa. [7] It was not until the arrival of Europeans that glass became a trade material with the Portuguese, which soon became abundantly available to the Zulu. Then, a herbalist (inyanga) prepares a mixture (muthi) to be consumed in order to influence the ancestors. This English to Zulu dictionary also provides you an Android application for your offline use. [10] The wearing of decorative beadwork can act as an attempt to grab the attention of someone of the opposite sex. The Zulu language is a member of the Southeastern, or Nguni, subgroup of the Bantu group of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language … Zulu /ˈzuːluː/, or isiZulu, is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa. There are 10,677,305 (23.82 %) first language speakers [2001 census data], which makes this the language in South Africa with the most first language speakers. The Zulu warrior Shak… 4 words related to Zulu: KwaZulu-Natal, Natal, African, Nguni. Nonetheless, this ritual has changed during colonization because in 1869, Theophilus Shepstone, then Natal Secretary for Native Affairs, formalized the ilobolo payment to 10 cattle for commoners (plus the ingquthu cow for the mother), 15 for hereditary chief siblings and 20-plus for the daughters of a chief. Zulu expansion was a major factor of the Mfecane ("Crushing") that depopulated large areas of southern Africa. Zulu or isiZulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people. Inkatha YeSizwe means "the crown of the nation". There are also Zulu speakers in other African countries, including Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, and Swaziland. [10] During the transition from single to married women, beadwork is shown through a beaded cloth apron worn over a pleated leather skirt. Zulu men identify themselves with great pride and dignity. Zulu Sesotho Dictionary – travel dictionary to translate Zulu to Sesotho displaying a list of words in Sesotho. These Nguni-speaking people, with close ties to the Swazi and Xhosa peoples, are the largest ethnic group in South Africa. This assemblage of beads by the warriors represented a symbol of bravery. The language is also known as a lingua franca from Natal to Zimbabwe. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Like most other African literatures, Zulu literature of the 19th and early 20th centuries falls into two distinct categories, one concerned... Like most other African literatures, Zulu literature of the 19th and early 20th centuries falls into two distinct categories, one concerned with traditional (Zulu) life and customs, the other with Christianity. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Zulu-language. The dictionary also translates from phonetic Sesotho to Zulu. The King discusses the arising political issues that are inflicting on their nation. [7] Beadwork is a prominent attire that is worn at the Umhlanga. Zulu names, like most indigenous names in Southern Africa, are often given regarding the situation of the family when a child is born. Get fast, accurate and reliable Zulu translation services from our experienced certified Zulu English Translators at Filose. [9] Beadwork can be worn in everyday use, but is often worn during important occasions such as weddings, or ceremonies. In some areas, the color green symbolizes jealousy in a certain area, but in another area it symbolizes grass. One cannot hit the opponent once the stick is lost from the possession. New York, New York: Thames and Hudson. The Zulu formed a powerful state in 1818[4] under the leader Shaka. A woman's stages of life lead up to the goal of marriage. Typically, there are four different types of color schemes: The colors of beads might hold different meanings based on the area that they originated from. It is often at times that this can lead to misrepresentation or confusion when attempting to understand what the beadwork is communicating. Omissions? Synonyms for Zulu people in Free Thesaurus. Traditional Zulu religion includes belief in a creator God (uNkulunkulu) who is above interacting in day-to-day human life, although this belief appears to have originated from efforts by early Christian missionaries to frame the idea of the Christian God in Zulu terms. Today the Zulu people predominantly believe in Christianity, but have created a syncretic religion that is combined with the Zulu's prior belief systems.[3]. In South Africa, the miniskirt has existed since pre-colonial times. Zulu people (/zuːluː/; Zulu: amaZulu) are an Nguni ethnic group in Southern Africa. The men and women both serve different purposes in society in order to function as a whole. The women dress differently depending on whether they are single, engaged, or married. [23] During that time, there was not a fixed amount of cattle required for the wedding to happen. Zulu is the most widely spoken language in South Africa, where it is an official language. Zulu language, a Bantu language spoken by more than nine million people mainly in South Africa, especially in the Zululand area of KwaZulu/Natal province. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population) as well as being understood by over 50% of … Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Zulu people group are reported in 7 countries", "Ethnologue report for language code ZUL", 10.23943/princeton/9780691167565.001.0001, "Lord of the Sky-King of the Earth: Zulu traditional religion and belief in the sky god", "Muthi, Medicine and Witchcraft: Regulating 'African Science' in Post-Apartheid South Africa? [10] Although, when young boys are seen wearing multiple necklaces, it is a sign that he is highly interested by these gifts from various girls. [16] Users of black muthi are considered witches, and shunned by the society. Zulu (called "isiZulu" in Zulu), is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. [8] As for older or mature women, beadwork is displayed in detailed headdresses and cowhide skirts that extend past the knee. Nguni communities had migrated down Africa's east coast over centuries, as part of the Bantu migrations. The Zulu are best known for their beadwork and basketry. IsiZulu, more commonly shorted to Zulu, is one of the 11 official languages of this country. The Zulu were originally a major clan in what is today Northern KwaZulu-Natal, founded ca. Various forms of beadwork are found in different color schemes. A tshitshi reveals her singleness by wearing less clothing. Beadwork is dominantly worn when young Zulu people are courting or in search for love affairs. "Amazulu" redirects here. Updates? Zulu, for example, has nine pairs of singular and plural prefixes. In mid-December 1878, envoys of the British crown delivered an ultimatum to 11 chiefs representing the then-current king of the Zulu empire, Cetshwayo. [7] Also, women are taught to defer to men and treat them with great respect. It mostly features respect terms which are words used while addressing older people. As the clans integrated together, the rulership of Shaka brought success to the Zulu nation due to his perfected military policies. The Zulu people take pride in their ceremonies such as the Umhlanga, or Reed Dance, and their various forms of beadwork. Zulus wear a variety of attire, both traditional for ceremonial or culturally celebratory occasions, and modern westernized clothing for everyday use. About the Zulu Language. The Zulu people celebrate an annual event that was established in 1984 called the Umhlanga or Reed Dance. [7], Beadwork is a form of communication for the Zulu people. This term is particularly used by Zulu people when it comes to bride wealth. These two broad areas of early literary activity combined in the 1930s in…, Zulu speakers number 9,000,000; Rwanda 8,000,000; Shona, Kongo, and Xhosa each 7,000,000; Luba 6,300,000; Rundi 6,000,000; and Kikuyu, Makua, Nyanja, Swahili, and Sukuma each more than 5,000,000. Mention should also be made of Ganda, which with 3,000,000 speakers is the largest language in Uganda; Umbundu…, Shona, Xhosa, and Zulu. After Apartheid ended in 1994, Zulu became one of the official languages in South Africa. Lastly, only sticks are allowed when fighting. We can translate any Zulu document to English and vice versa. Traditional beer is made from sorghum and is brewed by women. The design of the beads often conveys a particular message. Over 50% of the population also speak and understand the language.. Over the years, several public and corporate groups have completed courses at the school. [7] Men are perceived as the head of the household and seen as authoritative figures. The men wore a leather belt with two strips of hide hanging down front and back. 1709 by Zulu kaMalandela. The Zulu language, of which there are variations, is part of the Nguni language group. It is a day of prayer when Zulus thank their creator and their ancestors. Antonyms for Zulu people. The more beads one is wearing, the wealthier they are perceived. [19] By contrast, acting in a negative way towards others can reduce the isithunzi, and it is possible for the isithunzi to fade away completely.[20]. The language is taught in primary schools up to the 10th grade. Language The Zulu tribe speaks their language which is known as IsiZulu, a widely spoken language in South Africa. [7] One must know the origin of the beadwork in order to interpret the message correctly. Once the umoya leaves the body, the isithunzi may live on as an ancestral spirit (idlozi) only if certain conditions were met in life. 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